Partners in the Park Program
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Class of 2017 students at Independence Hall with Ranger Jay holding the September 1787, American Museum printing of the U.S. Constitution and Ranger Ed Welch holding John Dunlap's 1776 Journals of Congress opened, respectively to the U.S. Constitution of 1787 and Declaration of Independence. They are flanked by National Collegiate Honors Council Students and NCHC President, Dr. Naomi Yavneh Klos - – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
The Rights and Duties of University Honors Student Citizenship:
National Park Ranger Renee Albertoli is inspecting a repaired United Colonies Continental 2/3rds Dollar Bill from the NCHS Honors student exhibit on the second floor of Independence Hall. This note was printed in Philadelphia by Halls and Sellers with a sundial "Fugio" legend and a "Mind Your Business" motto appearing on the obverse’s left center. The reverse shows the thirteen linked rings representing the colonies and the legends "We Are One" and "American Congress". Issued on February 17, 1776, by order of Congress, this 2/3rds Dollar contains blue threads and mica flakes. This 2/3rds Dollar has been torn and then carefully hand stitched together with hemp rope from the Revolutionary War period making this an extremely rare and unusual issue of Continental Currency, which is numbered 391,499 and signed in red ink by William Aisquith.
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Independence Hall Class of 2017 in front of Congress Hall with Rangers Ed, Jay and Renee holding a Third Congress of the United States... An Act making Appropriations for Certain Purposes therein expressed, Philadelphia. 1794, which funds the troops President Washington requires to put down the Whiskey Rebellion: “For the purposes of the act directing a detachment from the militia of the United States, two hundred thousand dollars.” The act is signed by Secretary of State Edmund Randolph. – Primary Source Courtesy of www.Historic.us
- Alexis de Tocqueville maintains that Regimes are embedded in the deep structures of human history that have determined over long centuries the shape of political institutions and what we think about them.
- Plato and Niccolò Machiavelli argue that Regimes are best founded through the deliberative great acts of statesmen and founders like Moses, Cyrus, Romulus, Theseus, Washington, Jefferson, and Adams.
- In Federalist One, Alexander Hamilton wrote: " It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force."
National Collegiate Honors Council Honors in the Park Class of 2017 students at Federal Hall National Historic Park with NPS Ranger holding the American Museum, or Repository of Ancient And Modern Fugitive Pieces, Prose and Poetica, For November 1787, Philadelphia: Mathew Carey, Vol. II Num. V, open to Alexander Hamilton's Federalist One. – Primary Source Courtesy of www.Historic.us
- Plato believed a philosopher, versed in poetry, mathematics and metaphysics makes the best statesman. Aristotle maintained that statesmanship was purely practical skill requiring judgment based on deliberation and experience.
- Machiavelli argued that a streak of cruelty and a willingness to act immorally are necessary for good statecraft. Jean-Jacques Rousseau upheld that a great statesman is capable of transforming human nature.
- Thomas Hobbes stated that the best statesman is a more or less faceless bureaucrat like most modern CEOs.
- Is it enough to uphold and defend the laws of your country simply because they are your own, despite good citizens of one Regime (Iran) being at odds with a good citizen of another (Saudi Arabia)?
- Is a good citizen not the same as the good human being or is a good citizen only relative to regime?
- Does this make it difficult for a good human being to be a good citizen of any actual regime?
- Does this struggle between good citizenship and good human beings, in part, explain the cultural divide between academics and businessmen?
- A good philosopher, according to Aristotle, will never feel fully at home in any one particular society because he can never be truly loyal to anyone or anything but what is best. Is this inherent tension between the “Best Regime,” which does not exist and an “Actual Regime,” a cancer that ultimately implodes nations and threatens peaceful coexistence?
- Did the founders deliberately create the constitutional amendment process for future generations of American to continue their pursuit to create a more perfect Union?
National Collegiate Honors Council students holding a Chief Justice John Jay Letter in the room where the United States Supreme Court held sessions on the first floor of Old City Hall, sharing space with the Mayor's Court from 1791 until 1800. – Primary Source Courtesy of www.Historic.us
National Collegiate Honor’s Council Partners in the Park Class of 2017 students at Fort Mifflin holding up a printing of the Declaration of Independence Goddard Broadside. On January 18th, 1777, after victories at Trenton and Princeton, John Hancock's Congress ordered a true copy of the Declaration of Independence printed complete with the names of all the signers. Mary Katherine Goddard, a Baltimore Postmaster, Printer and publisher, was given the original engrossed copy of the Declaration to set the type in her shop. A copy of the Goddard printing was ordered to be sent to each state so the people would know the names of the signers. – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Honors Student Sophia Semensky at the City Tavern holding a November 18, 1776 United States Lottery ticket, signed by George Campbell, as sitting Manager of the United States Lottery that was issued by Congress in hopes of funding the Revolutionary War effort. These lottery tickets were actually sold at the Tavern from 1776-1779. – Primary Source Courtesy of www.Historic.us
Monday, January 2nd, 2017: Breakfast at 8:30am; tour of Fort Mifflin on the Delaware 10:00am -12 noon; 1:30 pm: Lunch and Lecture at City Tavern , which is a Bicentennial Commission reconstruction of the historic 18th-century building located at 138 South 2nd Street, and part of Independence National Historical Park. It was here the Delegates Caucused in 1774 to determine where the First Continental Congress would convene and address the colonial challenges plaguing 12 of the original 13 British Colonies.
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Honors Students Sara Sauer and Cintly Guzman at the National Constitution Center holding up a typed 19th Amendment: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation;” which is signed Fred H Gillet, June 1919, as Speaker of the House of Representatives paper. – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
- Afternoon: Private tour of the National Constitution Center.
National Collegiate Honors Council Honors students Sydney Cannon and Rachel Watson holding the December 1787, American Museum printing of Federalist # 3 and 4 "Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence", authored by US Foreign Secretary John Jay. NCHC President-Elect Naomi Yavneh Klos holding a broadside next to the statue of Edmund Randolph at the National Constitution Center. The Broadside is the Third Congress of The United States: at the Second Session Act Extending The Privilege Of Franking, Travelling Expenses For Attendance In Congress to James White, The Delegate From The Territory Of The United States, South Of The River Ohio; And Making Provision For His Compensation. The Act is signed by Edmund Randolph, who became the second Secretary of State on January 2, 1794, succeeding Thomas Jefferson, who resigned at the end of 1793. – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
National Collegiate Honor’s Council Partners in the Park Independence Hall Class of 2017 students at Federal Hall National Historic Park with Ranger holding the 1789 Acts of Congress opened to the 12 Amendment Joint Resolution of Congress issued September 25th, 1789. The only amendment in the "Bill of Rights" that was not ratified is Article the First, which is still pending before Congress. Cintly is holding an Arthur St. Clair signed Northwest Territory document, Imani is holding the First Bicameral Congressional Act establishing the U.S. Department of State and Rachael is holding a 1788 John Jay letter sent to the Governor of North Carolina, Samuel Johnston, the only person to decline the office after being elected to the U.S. Presidency. Secretary Jay was transmitting a treaty with France. – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
- 10:30am to 12 Noon – Ranger tour of Federal Hall National Historic Park. Here on Wall Street, George Washington took the oath of office as our first President under the current constitution, and this site was home to the last Articles of Confederation Congress and the First Federal Bicameral Congress, Supreme Court, and Executive Branch offices. The current structure, a Customs House, later served as part of the US Sub-Treasury. Now, the building serves as a museum and memorial to our first President and the beginnings of the United States of America.
National Collegiate Honors Council (NCHC) Partners in the Park Federal Hall Class of 2017 in front of Fraunces Tavern, which is a national historic landmark, museum, and restaurant in New York City, situated at 54 Pearl Street at the corner of Broad Street. The location played a prominent role in pre-Revolution, American Revolution and post-Revolution history, serving as a headquarters for George Washington, a venue for peace negotiations with the British, and housing federal offices in the Early Republic. The picture is flanked with Andrew Cuevas in the Tavern holding an April 1, 1786, USCA Secretary Charles Thomson letter transmitting the USCA Journals and legislation to Governor Samuel Huntington in Connecticut. - For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website.
- Afternoon -- Lunch on the run with a visit to Fraunces Tavern, which is a national historic landmark, museum, and restaurant in New York City, situated at 54 Pearl Street at the corner of Broad Street. The location played a prominent role in pre-Revolution, American Revolution and post-Revolution history, serving as a headquarters for George Washington, a venue for peace negotiations with the British, and housing federal offices in the Early Republic. Photo opportunity at the Elizabeth Anne Seton Shrine as we head to Battery Park to catch the 1:00pm ferry to Liberty and Ellis Islands.
- Dinner at 7pm will be in Chinatown. Leave for Fort Mifflin at 9:30pm with a drive through Little Italy.
National Collegiate Honors Council Honors Partners in the Park Class of 2017 in front of Congress Hall with Ranger Ed Welch and Alex holding a the 1789 Acts of Congress open to "An Act for Establishing the Temporary and Permanent Seat of the Government of the United States," was passed on July 16, 1790, and selected a site on the Potomac River as the permanent capital (Washington, D.C.), in ten years times. Also, this act designated Philadelphia as the temporary capital for a period of ten years. The Residence Act was the result of a compromise reached between Thomas Jefferson,Alexander Hamilton and James Madison concerning the permanent location of the Federal capital. In exchange for locating the new capital on the Potomac River, Madison agreed not to block legislation mandating the assumption of the states' debts by the Federal government. – Primary Source Courtesy of www.Historic.us
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Class of 2017 at the Benjamin Franklin Museum. Sophia Semensky is holding an American Museum Magazine or Repository of Ancient and Modern Fugitive Pieces, &c., No. 5 May, 1787, Published by Mathew Carey, Philadelphia. The issue is open to the full printing of The Constitution of the Pennsylvania Society, for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, and the Relief of Free Negroes, Unlawfully Held in Bondage: begun in the year 1774, and enlarged on the twenty-third of April, 1787. The Constitution is signed in type Benjamin Franklin, President. This Pamphlet was gifted to Independence Hall National Historic Park by Stanley and Naomi Yavneh Klos in memory fo Eilleen Klos and Kuni Yavneh. – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
- 10:30-12N - Tour the Benjamin Franklin Museum with National Park Rangers. Tour will focus on Franklin as entrepreneur, scientist, civic activist and statesman. This tour will conclude in the Benjamin Franklin print shop with a demonstration of an 18th Century printing press.
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Class of 2017 students at Carpenters' Hall with the docent holding a Virginia Five Pound Note signed by the first President of the United Colonies Continental Congress Peyton Randolph AND a 1776 Autograph Letter Signed by Cyrus Griffin the last President of the United States in Congress Assembled. Carly is holding an original 1774 printing of the Articles of Association passed in this hall, which named the Continental Congress and the Address to the King's Most Excellent Majesty by the Continental Congress dated October 1774 and signed, Henry Middleton, President – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
United Colonies Continental Congress President Peyton RandolphUnited Colonies Continental Congress President Henry Middleton
- 1:30 pm tour of Carpenters Hall, 2:30 pm tour of Christ Church, and 3:30 pm tour of the Betsy Ross House -- Dinner at Fort Mifflin.
Neil Ronk, Senior Guide and Historian of the Christ Church Preservation Trust holds up John Dunlap's 1777 York-Town printing of the 1776 Journals of Congress flanked by NCHC Honors Students. The Journals have been opened to July 2nd 1776, marking the passage of the Resolution for Independency. - For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
NCHC Partners in the Park Student primary source exhibit on the second floor of Independence Hall flanked by the National Collegiate Honor’s Council Partners in the Park Independence Hall Class of 2017. The primary sources exhibited include an original 1781 Journals of Congress open to the Articles of Confederation, Owen Biddle's 1779 resignation as United States Lottery Manager, U.S. National Lottery ticket 3rd Class, Henry Laurens signed Military Commission as President, USCA President Elias Boudinot letter to General Arthur St. Clair regarding the Army mutiny that forced Congress to flee Philadelphia to Princeton, Pennsylvania vs Connecticut 1782 Decree at Trenton manuscript, 1774 Journals of Congress and a 1781 USCA President Thomas McKean letter signed. – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
10:30 am -12 noon: Tour of the Second Bank of the United States, that currently houses the park's extensive collection of historical portraits by Charles Willson Peale, Thomas Sully and others. Students will meet with park curator, Karie Diethorn, who will lead the tour. The exhibit is organized around the theme of enlightenment thought and we will discuss the role of citizens in society through the lives of the people represented in the portraits.
Karie Diethorn, Chief Curator of Independence National Historical Park with the NCHC Students at the 2nd Bank of the United States under the portrait of USCA President Elias Boudinot. Karie, Ranger Ray and Sydney Cannon are holding-up historic documents issued by Elias Boudinot as United States in Congress Assembled President regarding the decision to move the Seat of Government to Princeton. This marked the last time the Confederation Congress would convene in Pennsylvania. –– Primary Source Courtesy of www.Historic.us
- Afternoon: Free time in Philadelphia with your partner, assemble at 6:30pm.
- Dinner at Fort Mifflin and reflections on the program.
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Independence Hall Class of 2017 Regulations For The Order And Discipline Of The Troops Of The United States - Revolutionary War Inspector General Continental Army Military Manual Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von Steuben. During the winter of 1778–1779, General Steuben prepared the regulations, commonly known as the "Blue Book". As he could not speak or write English, Steuben originally wrote the drills that he had devised at Valley Forge in French, the military language of Europe at the time. His secretary, Du Ponceau, then translated the drills from French into English. Colonel Alexander Hamilton and General Nathanael Greene were of great help in assisting Steuben in drafting a training program for the Army. First published in 1779 with an introduction Continental Congress resolution signed by President John Jay, the work became the standard text for the Continental Army and the United States Army into the early 19th century. – Primary Source Courtesy of www.Historic.us
Dona M. McDermott, Archivist Valley Forge National Historical Park holding the American Museum, or Repository Of Ancient And Modern Fugitive Pieces, Prose And Poetica, No. 4 April, 1787, second edition , which has a full printing of George Washington’s March 15th, 1783 “Farewell Address to the American Army,” and a 1787 petition: To the Honorable Delegates of the United States in Congress assembled by young ladies of Portsmouth. Boston, Newport, New London , Amboy, New-Castle, Williamsburgh, Wilmington, Charleston and Savannah, most ardently sheweth .... The Pamphlet also records the entire proceedings of The Annapolis Convention that proposed a convention to revise the Articles of Confederation, which led to the 1787 Philadelphia Convention where George Washington was elected President producing the current U.S. Constitution. . This Pamphlet was gifted to Valley Forge National Historic Park from Stanley and Naomi Yavneh Klos in memory of National Collegiate Honor’s Council Partners in the Park Class of 2017 – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Independence Hall Class of 2017 students with Dona M. McDermott, Archivist Valley Forge National Historical Park in the “vault” learning firsthand about artifacts and the interpretative complexities of historic sites
NCHC Honors Students at the National Constitution Center with Mark Keres holding a 1787 printing of the Annapolis Convention report to the USCA. Imani is holding the 1789 Acts of Congress, Naomi is holding a September 1787 printing of the United States Constitution and Carly is holding a Samuel Huntington March 11th, 1781 signed document as USCA President under the Articles of Confederation.
Broadside of the Declaration of Independence that he just printed for the NCHC students. Not on parchment, but in print. Not in July of 1776, but in January of 1777. Congress, then meeting in Baltimore, ordered “That an authenticated Copy of the DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCY, with the Names of the MEMBERS of CONGRESS, subscribing the same, be sent to each of the UNITED STATES…” The job of printing this new copy of the Declaration, the first to list the signers, went to a woman named Mary Katherine Goddard. Publicizing the signers’ names was a bold step considering that they were endorsing treason.
Stanley and Naomi Yavneh Klos preparing documents at Fort Mifflin for primary source lectures during the NCHC Partners in the Park program.
National Collegiate Honors Council Partners in the Park Class of 2017 Students at the 2nd Bank of the United States under the portrait of USCA President Samuel Huntington. Sydney is holding-up a Revolutionary War–dated manuscript document signed as President of the Continental Congress, “Sam. Huntington,” May 16, 1780. This is a $6,000 pay order issued to Joseph Borden, commissioner of the Continental Loan Office of New Jersey for clothing. Chris is holding-up a document signed by James Lawrence, and cancelled by Oliver Ellsworth, Jr. for monies owed by the State of Connecticut to Huntington for his service as a delegate to congress and the nation. The note is dated March 11, 1781, which was the 11th day of the Huntington’s service as the first USCA President under the Articles of Confederation. On the verso is of this document is written "Number 1424 Certificate, Saml Huntington Dat 1 Feby, 1781, £ 11-9-4" with a second signature “Saml Huntington.” President Samuel Huntington was the first President to serve under the Articles of Confederation, not John Hanson. – For more information visit our National Park and NCHC Partners in the Park Class of 2017 website