Louisiana State Capitol Bicentennial Exhibit
A LOUISIANA FOUNDING EXHIBIT AT STATE CAPITOL BUILDING
|Louisiana Bicentennial Exhibit on display at the State Capitol's Memorial Hall from April 29th - May 6th, 2012|
Samuel Kuslan ’15 - Mara Steven ’15 Alexander Thomas ’12
6363 St. Charles Avenue
Honors Box 75
New Orleans, LA 70118(504) 864-7331
The Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10th, 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War whose theater in North America was known as the French and Indian War. One year before this treaty, France ceded her Louisiana Territory to Spain in the Treaty of Fontainebleau but was this not publicly announced until 1764.
Less than a year later, the Treaty of Aranjuez, between France and Spain, was signed on April 12, 1779. France agreed to aid in the capture of Gibraltar, the Floridas, and the island of Minorca. In return, the Spanish agreed to join in France’s war against Great Britain.
Displayed is $5 and $50 Continental Currency, 1783 Spanish Milled Silver Dollar, with the 1780 Journals of Congress resolution that increases, from 1 to 40 the amount of US dollars required to redeem one Spanish Silver dollar from the U.S. Treasury. This resolution effectively reduced the US National debt from 200 Million to 5 million Spanish Silver Dollars “Pieces Of Eight”
[Adams. John] - A printing of President John Adams June 12, 1797 Message to Congress that they create a government for the Mississippi Territory similar to the Northwest Territory after the ratification of Pinckney's Treaty.
|Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representative: I have received information from the commissioner appointed on the part of the United States, pursuant to the third article of our treaty with Spain, that the running and marking of the boundary line between the colonies of East and West Florida, and the territory of the United States, have been delayed by the officers of His Catholic Majesty; and that they have declared their intention to maintain his jurisdiction. and to suspend the withdrawing of his troops from the military posts they occupy within the territory of the United States, until the two Governments shall, by negotiation, have settled the meaning of the second article respecting the withdrawing of the troops, garrisons or settlements, of either party in the territory of the other; that is, whether, when the Spanish garrisons withdraw they are to leave the works standing, or to demolish them; and until, by an additional article to the treaty, the real property of the inhabitants shall be secured; and, likewise, until the Spanish officers are sure the Indians will be pacific. The two first questions if to be determined by negotiation, might be made subjects of discussion for years, and as no limitation of time can be prescribed to the other, a certainty, in the opinion of the Spanish officers, that the Indians will be pacific, it will be impossible to suffer it to remain an obstacle to the fulfillment of the treaty on the part Spain. -- To remove the first difficulty, I have determined to leave it to the discretion of the officers of His Catholic Majesty, when they withdraw his troops from the forts within the territory of the United States, either to leave the works standing or to demolish them; and to remove the second. I shall cause an assurance to be published and to be particularly communicated to the minister of His Catholic Majesty, and to the Governor of Louisiana, that the settlers or occupants of the lands in question, shall not be disturbed in their possessions by the troops of the United States, but, on the contrary, that they shall be protected in all their lawful claims; and, to prevent or remove every doubt on this point, it merits the consideration of Congress whether it will not be expedient immediately to pass a law, giving positive assurances to those inhabitants who, by fair and regular grants, or by occupancy, have obtained legal titles or equitable claims to lands in that country, prior to the unratification of the treaty between the United States and Spain, on the 25th of April, 1796. -- This country is rendered particularly valuable by its inhabitants, who are represented to amount to nearly four thousand, generally well affected and much attached to the United States, and zealous for the establishment of a Government under their authority.I therefore recommend to your consideration the expediency of erecting a government in the district of Natches similar to that established for the territory Northwest of the river Ohio, but with certain modifications, relative to titles in claims of land whether of individuals of companies, or to claims of jurisdiction of any individual state. John Adams, President June 12, 1797|
Unfortunately the 1800 Treaty of San Ildefonso with Spain and France did not specify the boundaries between Louisiana and West Florida. The Spanish continued to administer the eastern Louisiana portion as part of the West Florida province maintaining that it was not part of the territory returned to France under the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
The United States and Spain held long, inconclusive negotiations on the status of West Florida. During these negotiations, American settlers established a foothold in the area and resisted Spanish control. British settlers, who had remained after the 1783 Treaties, also resented Spanish rule, leading to a rebellion in 1810 and the establishment for exactly 90 days of the Republic of West Florida.
A Non-profit Corporation
727-771-1776 | Exhibit Inquiries
202-239-1774 | Office
Dr. Naomi and Stanley Yavneh Klos, Principals
For more information go to Article the First